BY JEAN-PAUL MARTHOZ | April 11, 2014
There are two Ethiopias. Or better said there are two narratives about Ethiopia.
On one side, there is the Ethiopia as celebrated by the international aid community and the European Union : a country which is growing fast and seriously fighting poverty, a country which wisely uses the considerable international assistance that it receives to channel it towards sustainable development.
On the other side there is the Ethiopia as criticized by press freedom and human rights groups. A country ruled by an authoritarian regime, the second largest jailer of journalists in Africa, a country which misuses laws on anti-terrorism and civil society regulation to chill speech and prevent journalists from doing their legitimate watchdog work. Read more…
ከያህያ ጀማል | Ebla 8, 2014
በቅድሚያ ይድረስ የተከበረ ሰላምታዬ ለወ/ሮ ትዝታ በላቸው። ከሰላምታዬ በማስከተል ይህን ክፍት ደብዳቤ ለመጻፍ ወዳነሳሳኝ ፍሬ ጉዳይ ልዝለቅ። ወ/ሮ ትዝታ ቢያንስ ከ20 ኣመታት በላይ በኣሜሪካ ድምጽ ሬድዮ ኣማርኛው ፕሮግራም ላይ የማውቅሽ ሚዛናዊ የሆኑ ዝግጅቶችን ስታቀርቢ ነው። በተለይም በፖለቲካ ነክ ጉዳዮች ዙሪያ እንግዶችን ጋብዘሽ በምታዋይያቸው ወቅቶች ሁሉ ተገቢና ፍትሃዊ ጥያቂዎችን እየፈለፈልሽ በመሰንዘር የኣድማጮችሽን የልብ ትርታ ማዳመጥ የምትችይ የቱባ ጋዜጠኝነት ልምድ ባለቤት መሆንሽን ነበር የማውቀው። በዚህም የቪኦኤን ኣማርኛ ፕሮግራም ማድመጥ ከጀመርኩበት ወቅት ኣንስቶ ከሞላ ጎደል ኣድናቂሽ ሆኜ ቆይቻለሁ።
ዛሬ ግን ይህን ክፍት ደብዳቤ እንድጽፍልሽ ያነሳሳኝ ጉዳይ በቅርቡ በተከታታይ ክፍሎች የቀረበውንና ሶስት ምሁራንን በማሳተፍ ኣንቺው ራስሽ ባወያየሽው በኢትዮጵያ የታሪክ ጭብጦች ላይ ያተኮረ ወይይት ይዘት ነው። በዚህ ውይይት ውስጥ ለረጅም ጊዜ የማውቅሽ የወ/ሮ ትዝታ በላቸው ሚዛናዊ ኣወያይነትና ጠለቅ ያለው የጋዜጠኝነት ጥያቄ ኣጠያየቅ ልምድሽ የት እንደገባ ኣልተረዳሁም። ውይይቱ ኣንድን ወገን ኣስደስቶ ሌላውን ያሳዘነ ሆኖ ሳለ ይባስ ተብሎ እየተደጋገመ ኣየር ላይ ሲውል ታዝቤያለሁ። በዚህ ክፍት ደብዳቤዬ ቢያንስ በሁለት ዋና ዋና ምክንያቶች እንዳዘንኩብሽ ለመግለጽ እገደዳለሁ። Read more…
By Seid Hassan and Minga Negash | March 28, 2014
In our December 19, 2013 article entitled “Explaining the Ethiopian outmigration: incentives or constrains” we alerted readers and policy makers in Ethiopia about the push, pull and mediating factors of outmigration in general and outlined the factors as they relate to Ethiopia. In this short article we aim to discuss further the incompatibility between macroeconomic growth and outmigration and close the piece by outlining potential mitigation strategies.
By the end of 2013 and early 2014 the world witnessed yet another shame of Ethiopians. Voices of men, women and children in Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Libya, Southern Europe and Southern Africa are instantly being transmitted across the globe through the use of advanced information technology. Saudi Arabia alone deported at least 165,000 Ethiopians within the span of few weeks. Demonstrations were held in Kuwait and Israel against African immigrants. The European Union has erected various forms of fences against immigrants from Africa. As Emnet Assefa of Addis Standard, a journalist in one of the local newspaper noted, “[o]ver the last few years, news of young Ethiopian men and women found dead inside jam-packed containers loaded on heavy duty trucks has become a routine media exercise both locally and in many parts of the continent.” Abuses, abductions, disappearances and killings of Ethiopians in the Middle East, North Africa, and Gulf States has become common. On Thursday March 20, 2014 the (U.S. based) National Public Radio (NPR) run a heart-wrenching story of an Ethiopian young woman who took unbelievable levels of risks and investments to reach the shores of the United States. While outmigration is the history of mankind, as indicated in the holy books, for example, modern day migration, particularly migration into the Middle East, is documented to be associated with calamities. Read more…
March 25, 2014 (BBC News) — Ethiopia’s government is using imported technology to spy on the phones and computers of its perceived opponents, a Human Rights Watch report says.
The New York-based rights group accuses the government of trying to silence dissent, using software and kit sold by European and Chinese firms.
The report says the firms may be guilty of colluding in oppression.
An Ethiopian government spokesman, quoted by AFP, dismissed the report as a part of a smear campaign.
“There is nothing new to respond to,” Ethiopian Information Minister Redwan Hussein told the agency.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) says its report is based on more than 100 interviews with victims of abuses and former intelligence officials, conducted between September 2012 and February this year. Read more…
በያህያ ጀማል | March 23, 2014
የነፍጠኛው ገዢ መደብ ርዝራዦች በተቻላቸው ኣቅም ሁሉ ኦሮሞና ኦሮሞነትን ለመፋለም ተሰማርተዋል። የመንግስትን ስልጣን ይዞና የነፍጠኛውን የበላይነት ተክቶ ኣገር እየመራ ያለው ወያኔ ኢህኣዴግ ቢሆንም የነርሱ ዋነኛ ጠላት ግን ዛሬም ስልጣን ኣልባው ኦሮሞ ሆኖ ቀጥሏል። የወያኔ ኢህኣዴግ መንግስት ኦሮሞን ጨምሮ የብሄር ብሄረሰቦችን ማንነት ኣምኖ መቀበሉና ይህንንም (በመጠኑም ቢሆን) የሚያረጋግጥ ፌዴራላዊ ስርኣት መዘርጋቱ ያበገናቸው የቀድሞው ኣሃዳዊ ስርኣት ናፋቂዎች ኣማራ ነን ብለው ኣፋቸውን ሞልተዋ እንደ ኣማራ ብሄር ቆመው ከመከራከር ይልቅ ዛሬም በ ‘ኢትዮጵያነት’ የማስመሰያ ካባ ነጻ ህዝቦችን መልሰው መዳፋቸው ስር ማስገባት ከማለም ኣልቦዘኑም። ዛሬም የኦሮሞው፣ የትግራዩ፣ የሲዳማው፣ የቤኒሻንጉሉ፣ የሃዲያው ወዘተ ማንነት በራሳቸው ማንነት ታፍኖ፣ ቁዋንቁዋቸው በኣማርኛ ተተክቶ ኣማራ ሆይ ማረን ብለው ኣጎንብሰው ኣንዲያመልኩኣቸው ከማለም ኣልተመለሱም።
እነዚህ የነፍጠኛው ገዢ መደብ ኣተላዎች በነርሱ እኩይ የስልጣን ጥማትና በሌሎች ላይ በሚያሳዩት ንቀት ሳቢያ ኣማራውን ሁሉ ኣንድ ላይ ደምረን እንድንጸየፍ ወይም እንድናወግዝ ይፈልጋሉ። በርግጥ የተከበረው የኣማራ ህዝብ እነዚህን ከኣብራኩ የወጡና ለሌሎች ሰላምና ነጻነት ጸር የሆኑትን ልጆቹን ገስፆ የማስታገስ ሃላፊነት የወደቀው ከማንም በላይ በገዛ ትከሻው ላይ መሆኑ ኣይካድም። ኣንዳንድ መረን የለቀቁ ተማርን ባይ የኣማራ ተወላጆች ጭራሽ በነርሱ ብሶ ‘ኦሮሞ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ የገባው በ16ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን ነው’ እያሉ ኣደገኛ ድፍረት እያሳዩን ናቸው። የተከበረው የኣማራው ህዝብ እንዲህ ባለው ኣደገኛ ድፍረት ውስጥ እጁን ከማስገባት ኣንዲቆጠብና የህዝብ ለህዝብ ክብራችንን እንደጠበቅን እንድንዘልቅ እየተመኘን ከመዘዘኞቹ ባለጉዳዮች ጋር የታሪክና የፖለቲካ ሂሳባችንን ለማወራረድ እንገደዳለን። Read more…
March 22, 2014, NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — A rights group says that Ethiopia’s government regularly listens to and records the phone calls of opposition activists and journalists using equipment provided by foreign technology companies.
Human Rights Watch said in a report Friday that the foreign equipment aids the Ethiopian government’s surveillance of perceived political opponents inside and outside the country.
The group’s Arvind Ganesan said Ethiopia is using its government-controlled telecom system to silence dissenters. The group says that recorded phone calls with family and friends are often played during abusive interrogations. Read more…
March 20, 2014
Dear Ato Girma Kassa,
Sorry, it took me long to be able to answer you. I hope that we are slowly coming to the point where we can identify our differences and agreements. I like the discussion. I wish that all recipients of our Ccs. comment. What are the media to whom we make Cc. of our e-mails doing with them?
1. Concerning my joining UDJ and Withdrawal
The views I have now are the views I had before I joined UDJ. If article 3.1.5 of the program of UDJ did not exist, I would not have joined UDJ. Read more…
Reported by Kumilachew Gebremeskel Ambo | March 20, 2014
It was 6th Mar2014 on Thursday the program was prepared and co-ordinated by Frontline Club Oslo. The club has great contribution in preparing stage for different issues like debate, seminars and others which is critical and International conflicts among different countries. It is a great step for countries like Ethiopia to have this opportunities to explain the current and worst situations by Ethiopian Regime to the rest of the world.It was a great presentations and debate by guest speakers invited Mr. Obang Metho and Mr. Abdullah Hussen. Those great persons of the time to show the Current Ethiopian situations. The program was began by one of founder of Frontline club Mr.Truls Lie( Chairman). Read more…
)March 11, 2014
The Omo River Valley in Ethiopia (declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1980) was known to Europeans since the 17th century, but only in the last decade have foreigners begun travelling in this region. Bordering with Kenya and Sudan, far from any city, it is a lost world, a region traversed only by a few bad quality roads, passable only in the dry season. Here live some 15 semi-nomadic tribes, the largest comprising of approximately 70,000 people and the smallest no more than 1,000, a total of about 200,000. Read more…
Study suggests irrigation projects linked to Gibe III dam could devastate Lake Turkana’s fisheries and affect livelihoods
March 5, 2014 (The Guardian) — Africa’s fourth-largest lake could drop by 20 metres, causing an ecological and human disaster to rival the shrinking of the Aral Sea in central Asia, if Ethiopia goes ahead with massive irrigation projects linked to a giant dam, according to a university paper.
Lake Turkana, located almost entirely in Kenya but fed by the river Omo, which rises in Ethiopia, will be severely impacted by the 243 metre-high Gibe III dam, which is due to be completed this year, says the study, published by the University of Oxford’s African Studies Centre. It suggests water levels could drop by half, devastating the lake’s fisheries and affecting the livelihoods of 170,000 agro-pastoralists. Read more…
by Rundassa Asheetee Hundee | March 2, 2014
Convincingly, the Amharas had been the elites of empire Ethiopia, particularly, hateful men like Getachew Haile and the like were considered as senior civil servants who retained much power and influence well into the 1970s. Now this insane thug promotes unequivocally racist ideology targeting specifically the Oromo people by labeling them as uncivilized bad people not understanding that framing the nation state by having his tribe above every ethnic group in empire Ethiopia adds to the political turmoil that is engulfing the already sick empire.
To deny the existence of the Oromo people, Getacho Haile, a fluent afaan Oromo speaker and the citizen of Oromia, intentionally avoided the mention of name “Oromo” while listing the names of the Oromo tribes and clans whom he called the “Oromo speaking people.” By using term “Oromo speaking people” Getacho has tried to do what his friend Dr. Asrat, who denied the existence of the Amhara people in 1991 did. All these efforts are made to justify their claim that the Ethiopians are ONE people who share Amharic and the Amhara culture. Read more…
March 1, 2014 (Politico) — Ethiopia is a democracy at least in name and has had Western (and Chinese) companies salivating at its recent double-digit GDP growth. But longtime strongman Meles Zenawi, who died in 2012, and his successor, Hailemariam Desalegn, have leaned on a sweeping anti-terrorism law to stamp out opposition, imprisoning journalists, activists and politicians who dare speak out against the government. Ethiopia has made itself useful to the United States, though, invading Somalia in 2006 at Washington’s behest and disastrously fueling a rise in terrorism that prompted another intervention in late 2011. Read more…
The case of racist Getachew Haile
Rundassa Asheetee | February 28, 2014
There is no doubt that all ethnic groups of empire Ethiopia are victims of the political catastrophe that the Abyssinian kings and clergy men have created.
Thought such catastrophe can and should be left behind as history, the Abyssinians who interpret this catastrophe as a Nobel work based on their narrow perspective have opened unhealthy conversations between them and their victims. Interestingly, this situation allowed the minority Tigre tribe to rule the country for 23 years with iron fist and the tribe is going to stay in power as long as past continues to occupy, disturb and divide the people of empire Ethiopia, particularly the Oromo and the Amhara. Read more…
BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR
2013 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
February 27, 2014
Ethiopia is a federal republic. The ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a coalition of four ethnically based parties, controls the government. In September 2012, following the death of former Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, parliament elected Hailemariam Desalegn as prime minister. In national parliamentary elections in 2010, the EPRDF and affiliated parties won 545 of 547 seats to remain in power for a fourth consecutive five-year term. Although the relatively few international officials allowed to observe the elections concluded that technical aspects of the vote were handled competently, some also noted that an environment conducive to free and fair elections was not in place prior to the election. Authorities generally maintained control over the security forces, although Somali Region Special Police and local militias sometimes acted independently. Security forces committed human rights abuses. Read more…